The U.S. Embassy is deeply concerned about ongoing clashes in Shan State involving the Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA), the Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS), and the military. We are particularly concerned by alleged human rights violations targeting ethnic Shan and Palaung communities. Civilian protection as well as unhindered access for all humanitarian organizations to those affected by the fighting is a fundamental international principle. Offensive military actions undermine the trust necessary to build lasting peace. We urge all sides to exercise restraint and recommit to dialogue so that the peace process may remain on track, and those displaced are able to return to their homes and resume their lives.